You’ve graduated from college, and your grace period is up. It’s time to pay back those pesky student loans. After seeing your total balance, you may be overcome with shock — maybe even a little panic. “How will I ever pay this back?” you wonder.
I’ve totally been there. Just a few years ago, that was me. I could hardly believe how much debt I was in and how much interest was tacked onto my loans. I felt paralyzed by debt, and I didn’t know how to move forward.
I knew getting out of debt was really important to me because I wanted the freedom to travel and experience everything life has to offer. Currently, high student debt levels are leading to delayed marriages, homeownership, and even retirement, according to a study by the National Association of Realtors. I didn’t want that to be me.
While Still in College
You might think your student loan exists in the future, but dealing with it in the here and now can help you save so much in the long run. Thanks to HomeRoom for these gems.
1. Keep Track of What You’re Borrowing
Sure, it may just seem like a thousand here and there at the time. But once you finally leave college, that mountain of debt can hit you in the face if you’re not paying attention to it. It’s not even difficult to do: The National Student Loan Data System (NSLDS) basically keeps track of it for you. Don’t live in ignorance — be informed.
2. Pay Now so You Don’t “Pay” Later
Consider getting one or two fewer drinks during the weekend, and putting that money toward interest payments on your loans. Yes, living on a students’ budget is tough, but it’ll be even tougher trying to live on a grad’s budget with no job, and hella debt. Be clever.
3. Become Your Loan Servicer’s Best Friend
Don’t keep them in the dark, let them know when you’ve moved to a new address or changed your phone number. The last thing you want is your mom seeing just how much you actually owe when you’ve just moved into your first adult apartment. Nothing is worth that lecture. Stay in contact!
4. Know Your Future Monthly Payments Now
When that lovely grace period ends, make sure you have a fair idea of what that first monthly payment is going to be. There’s even a calculator to help you estimate now, so you really have no excuse.
“Paying off your student loans early will not only save you money in the long run, but can also help you achieve your other financial goals,” says Betsy Mayotte, president of the Institute of Student Loan Advisors.
Student debt has impacted borrowers’ decisions in everything from saving for retirement or buying a home to getting married or even choosing a career.
Seventy-three percent of borrowers report that they have put off saving for retirement because of their student loan debt, and almost 30 percent have decided to postpone marriage, according to a report by Salt, run by American Student Assistance.
“Borrowers can determine the best overall strategy for their holistic financial goals by taking a few moments to run the numbers and understanding their options,” says Mayotte. “Sometimes borrowers are so focused on getting the lowest payment possible when they first enter repayment, they never rethink their financial strategy once their income starts to rise.”
Now, after several years of hustling, I’ve repaid my debt. It’s not an easy process, nor is there a magic pill that can help it all go away. But there are ways you can speed it up and become debt free. Here are eight ways to pay off student loans more quickly.
1. Pay More Than the Minimum
If you really want to pay off your student loans quickly, it’s imperative that you pay more than the minimum. Minimum payments are just that: the minimum.
Look at your income and expenses, and see how much you can afford to put toward debt each month. Even an extra $50 can help. The key is to pay more than the minimum. If you can afford to, consider doubling your payments.
2. Sign Up for Auto Pay
Most student loan servicers offer a 0.25-percent reduction in interest for borrowers who sign up for auto pay.
Accruing interest on your loans can quickly tack on more money to your balance, making it hard to pay off. Any reduction in interest can save you money in the long run, so your funds can go to the principal balance and not just interest.
3. Make Biweekly Payments
Instead of making monthly payments on your debt, make biweekly payments. You don’t even have to pay more. Just divide your monthly payment in half and pay every other week.
You'll pay less in interest over time and effortlessly make an extra payment. How? When you make monthly payments, you’ll make 12 total payments. But by paying biweekly, you’ll make 26 half payments, which equates to 13 total full payments.
4. Throw All Extra Cash Toward Debt
If you really want to get out of debt as soon as possible, commit all extra funds to paying it off. Did you get a hefty tax refund? Throw it at debt. Birthday money? Debt. You get the gist.
After all, the “extra” money won’t affect your budget, so before you have too much time thinking of how you’ll spend it, pay down what you owe.
5. Consider Refinancing
Depending on the type of student loans you have (as well as your interest rate), refinancing your loans could save you thousands of dollars. There are many companies out there that can refinance both federal and private loans for a better interest rate.
For example, current federal loan rates are currently 5.05 percent. If you have a high debt load, refinancing your loans and lowering your interest can save you a lot of money.
Through refinancing, you pay less in interest. This way you can focus more on attacking the rest of the principal.
Borrowers looking to refinance will need to have a good credit score, which helps lenders assess credit worthiness. To improve your credit score, it’s important to make on-time payments for all your bills. In addition, keep your credit use to a minimum, as the closer you get to your credit limit, the more you will be considered a risk to lenders.
Don’t have a great credit score, but in desperate need of additional help? There are other options worth considering.
It’s important to note that different refinancing companies will offer different interest rates based on a variety of factors.
But in exchange, you'll give up federal protections such as forgiveness or income-based repayment. Refinancing can save you a lot of money, but it’s important to do your research to see if it’s right for you.
6. Go on a Spending Diet
When you are committed to paying off debt, all of your expenses need to be re-evaluated. Ask yourself:
- Do I need this?
- Can I find it cheaper?
- Does this offer value in my life?
I’m a firm believer that you have to have some fun even while paying off debt, so consider going on a spending diet, which allows $100 per month for non-needs spending. This can help people keep their spending in check while focusing on paying off debt.
By capping your non-needs spending at $100, you become more aware of your purchases and free up more money to pay off debt.
7. Make More Money
Cutting back is a key component to paying off debt. But what happens when you can’t cut back any further? The only option left is to make more money. This option can often be more fun and empowering. To make more money, look on sites like Craigslist, TaskRabbit, Uber, and more to put your skills to use. Seek out other opportunities where you can make extra income that can go straight into your repayment plan.
8. Start Today
I knew that student loan debt was holding me back from my goals, so I knew I had to take action. Personally, I hate debt, so I’m singularly focused on getting rid of it.
While I think it's possible for borrowers to pursue other goals like owning a home or starting a family while still in debt, it can limit your dreams and your opportunities. Work to get rid of your student loans in 10 years or less.
Why Pay Off Student Loans Quickly?
Using these ways to pay off student loans, you can quickly get rid of your debt and start saving for your other financial goals.
It’s all about getting in the right mindset and making little changes every day that have a big impact on your debt — so you can live the life of your dreams, without all the debt.
Additional reporting by Kelly Meehan Brown